Woodworkers Mart

RAISE YOUR WORKTOAfJEW LEVEL The Nod en Adjust-A-Bench is the ergonomic solution for your workshop Made at steel. It Is solid In all positions Need an assembty table'' Drop the Adjust-A-Bench to its lowest position Routing dovetails'' Ra< se it up You're always comfortable, regardless of the task Leg sets and accessories to retrofit your existing bench or complete work benches available Need an affordable tool for routing furniture joints New 3 way reading digital scale for precise joinery...

Dovetailed

A simple dovetailed box is modified to accommodate the legs. Dovetails can be cut coarse (with wide pins and tails) because the top will cover them. Narrow tails at the front and back of the top and stub tenons at the case bottom are later fitted to the legs. Wide dovetails are covered later by the top. Wide dovetails are covered later by the top. The partitions are set into stopped dadoes cut into the top and bottom of the case. Through-tenons on the partitions are housed in mortises cut into...

Throughdovetails Join The Back And Sides

Drawer back is V2 in. narrower than the sides to allow for the drawer bottom. Drawer back is V2 in. narrower than the sides to allow for the drawer bottom. Drawer bottom, V2 in. thick, is beveled to fit grooves in the sides and the front. Drawer bottom, V2 in. thick, is beveled to fit grooves in the sides and the front. There's no need to angle the saw. When cutting the pins for through-dovetails, you can cut all the way to the shoulder line. There's no need to angle the saw. When cutting the...

Fitting The Tenon To The Mortise

Mark out the angled haunch on the tenon using a template. Tenons on the tablesaw. With the workpiece firmly clamped against Handwork is fast and accurate enough. A dovetail saw makes quick work this tenoning jig, the tablesaw can cut tenons cleanly and accurately. of trimming the angled haunch and mitering the ends of the tenons. Pins are an insurance policy. Small hardwood pins will hold the joint tightly, even if the glue fails. Hack leaves the outside end of the...

Fine Woodworking

Photos, except where noted Thomas McKenna drawings Bob La Pointe Crest and lower back rails, Vs in. thick by 14 in. long Tenon, 3 s in. thick by 2V4 in. wide by Vs in. long Tenons, 3 s in. thick by V2 in. wide by V2 in. long Back legs taper on the outside edge from IV2 in to IV4 in. from top of side seat rail. Tenon, 3 s in. thick by 13A in wide by Vs in. long Fit angled shoulder during assembly. Tenon, Vi in. thick by 2 in wide by 1 in. long Loose tenon, V2 in. thick by 2 in. wide by 2V2 in....

Raise The Center Section

No matter how you change the design, the rules of construction are simple dovetail joinery is used at all corners, and multiple through-tenons are used where a board joins another along its length. long at the bottom. This creates a large lap for the dovetails, which, as before, are cut flush on the inner layer of the end. The outer layer hangs down and can be sawn to shape. To add an apron across the front, the bottom can be cut back and an apron piece glued onto the edge of the bottom. If the...

Designing Traditional Breadboard Ends

Holes in the outer tenons are elongated to allow for wood movement. Q How should I space my dovetails I have seen examples from different eras and various furniture makers that exhibit various proportions. Is there a right way A ON EARLY PIECES OF FURNITURE, you often will see pins and tails close to the same size and with steep angles. As furniture making evolved in this country, pins became smaller and the angles less acute. Generally, narrow pins are considered the finest work. They showcase...

Flat Twincircle Clips

Also known as a desktop or figure-eight clip, this unobtrusive fastener requires only a shallow flat-bottomed recess in the top edge of the apron. The diameter of the recess should accommodate that of the clip, but the recess should be drilled to place the center of the clip past the edge of the apron. This will let the clip pivot slightly, allowing for cross-grain wood movement. For large tabletops, you can increase the clip's ability to move side to side by chiseling away a little of the...

Anatomy of a

Construction details that work with almost any design MATTRESS SUPPORT Although conventional wisdom says a box spring prolongs the life of a mattress and adds support, most manufacturers concede that a well-designed slatted support is an acceptable substitute. MATTRESS SUPPORT Although conventional wisdom says a box spring prolongs the life of a mattress and adds support, most manufacturers concede that a well-designed slatted support is an acceptable substitute. King-size beds require a center rail supported by an angle iron at each end and a leg in the center. A foot rail shown here is one option, while a true footboard is a smaller version of the headboard see the Arts and Crafts and sleigh beds below . King-size beds require a center rail supported by an angle iron at each end and a leg in the center. A foot rail shown here is one option, while a true footboard is a smaller version of the headboard see the Arts and Crafts and sleigh beds below .

Basic Structure Of A Frameandpanel Door

Top Rail Stile Joinery

In a typical frame-and-panel door, the stiles run through from top to bottom, and the grain in the panels is vertical. The rails are generally wider than the stiles, providing wider tenons and better resistance to warping of the panels. One rough rule suggests that if the bottom rail is one unit wide, the top rail should be two-thirds of a unit wide and the stiles one-half of a unit wide. Frame keeps panel from warping or twisting. smaller area of seasonal expansion and Panel is free to expand...

Jig Aligns Biscuits Across Shelf

Furniture Threaded Shelf Pins

This plywood jig helps to align biscuits accurately across the bookshelves. The plywood cleat keeps the end of the fence square to the side. Mark centerlines for the slots on the end of the fence. After cutting each set of shelf slots, cut the fence to a shorter length. Toss the jig when done. Clamp and cut. Clamp the jig to the case. Cut one set of slots, then use the jig to cut the same slots on the other side. Crosscut the fence to the next shelf position, and repeat until all slots are cut....

Detail Of Rabbet

Apply The Ogee Molding

Rabbets join backsplash cleanly to side pieces. You can build a simple, functional bookcase in no time using -in.-thick stock from a local home center. Look for 1-in. by 12-in. clear pine, the boards that have the fewest knots. Make sure the boards are relatively free of cup, bow, twist, and crook. Locating the shelves on each side piece is crucial. To make sure the dadoes line up properly, stack the side pieces on top of each other and mark each shelf location on the edge of both boards. You...

By Mario Rodriguez

Attaching a top to its base is a critical aspect of table design and constaiction. Regardless of the method you choose, it should meet the following criteria The top must be firmly attached to the base the top must remain flat a solid-wood top must be allowed to move seasonally and the attachment method shouldn't compromise the design of the table or complicate its constaiction. I'll describe four ways of attaching a tabletop that meet these requirements, along with the reasoning behind each...

By Garrett Hack

You can't beat butt hinges for durability, clean looks, and straightforward installation. I'll demonstrate the most common use for this hinge hanging an inset cabinet door. If you can install hinges in this type of flush door, you can handle any other butt-hinge application. Woodworking catalogs offer a variety of butt hinges some steel, others brass some with thick extaided leaves, others pressed from thin metal. Some hinges, such as those for a jewelry-box lid, have a built-in stop. While...

Panel Variations

Rabbeted Mortise Haunched Design

Face-mounted panels are used when frame members are Cutting the panel grooves in line with the mortises and tenons makes layout and execution easier. Cutting the panel grooves in line with the mortises and tenons makes layout and execution easier. Applied bolection molding supplies strength without using much space in the rabbet. The corresponding contour is coped. Note On small cabinet doors, a stub tenon no mortise suffices for joinery. An profiled edge is said to have a stuck mold' ' A...

Wood Moisture Meter

New mini-Ligno E D High Performance Low-cost For hobbyists and woodworkers to avoid frustrating moisture problems. PO 30145, Portland OR 97294 503-257-8957, B X 503-255-1430, wm.lignomat.com, i Good hardware means different tilings to different people. No matter the style, there are three elements to consider Material You chose your wood carefully Choose the hardware just as carefully We use solid brass. It lasts forever. Construction Good construction is a must. Hardware reflects the countless...

Building Furniture

Dado Joint Shelving

Fixed shelves attach to the sides of a case with either wood joinery, hardware, or a combination of the two. Unlike adjustable shelves, fixed shelves help strengthen the entire case. And because they are attached to the case sides, fixed shelves sag less. Fixed shelves sag less and strengthen the case Appearance Good excellent if using a stopped dado one that's not exposed at the front or if covered by a face frame A dado joint houses the ends of the shelf in a long notch, providing some...

Cut The Joinery Before Shaping The Upper Rails

Cut the tenons and the inside curve of the rails before mortising. Mark the locations of the back-splat mortises using a template and drill them out on the drill press left . A curved fence helps support the tall workpiece. Next, following the lines marked from the template, square up the mortises right . Cut the tenons and the inside curve of the rails before mortising. Mark the locations of the back-splat mortises using a template and drill them out on the drill press left . A curved fence...

Metal Table Clips

The clips are screwed to the top. With humidity changes, they move side to side and in and out of the groove or slot. twin-circle clips can be screwed to the apron either before or after the base has been assembled. Check that the clips are free to move. Photos, except where noted Mark Schofield this page top left, middle left Kelly J. Dunton

Backpanel Options

A more attractive frame and panel can be fit into the side rabbets. A more attractive frame and panel can be fit into the side rabbets. Horizontal shiplapped back boards help prevent tall sides from bowing outward. Horizontal shiplapped back boards help prevent tall sides from bowing outward. The case is joined with half-blind dovetails, which are hidden from view. Traditionally, the back consists of shiplapped boards. _______ Top and bottom r end flush with Half-blind dovetails are sized and...

Drawerdivider Frames

Only the front 3 in. or 4 in. are glued to the case, allowing the case sides to move. Choose a frame type based on the desired look and the need for strength. is the lack of sound glue surfaces between the frame and the case. Usually this isn't a problem, but for a tall case or one with unstable wood, you may want one of the other frame systems that use lap dovetails to tie the ends of the case together. The other types also offer the traditional look of exposed joineiy. Start by laying out and...

The Taunton Press

Andrea Pineau

Possick, Audrey Locorotondo. Publicity Nicole Salvatore, Janel Noblin. Editorial Helen Albert, Kathryn Benoit, Peter Chapman, Steve Culpepper, Pamela Hoenig, Courtney Jordan, Carolyn Mandarano, Nicole Palmer, Jennifer Russell, Erica Sanders-Foege, Kathleen Williams. Art Alison Wilkes, Nancy Boudreau, Amy Griffin, Sandra Mahlstedt, Wendi Mijal, Lynne Phillips, Carol Singer. Manufacturing Thomas Greco, Laura Burr one. Business Office Holly Smith, Gayle Hammond, Patricia...

Tongue And Rabbet

Though it takes a few more tool setups, a half-blind tongue and rabbet adds built-in mechanical strength to the joint. For this reason, it's usually not necessary to reinforce this joint. Pins hold joint secure against pulling forces. Pins hold joint secure against pulling forces. Tongue adds mechanical strength to resist pulling forces. Tail portion, or key, should extend into at least half the thickness of the drawer front. Joint can be reinforced with small pegs at the top and bottom. Joint...

Installing Bed Bolts

Installing Bed Bolts

After drilling through the post into the tenon, remove the post and complete the hole to its full depth. plunge router and a straight bit to cut a mortise on the inside of the rail. Drill the bolt hole. After drilling through the post into the tenon, remove the post and complete the hole to its full depth. plunge router and a straight bit to cut a mortise on the inside of the rail. Locate the nut. Fit a tenon into the mortise, insert the bolt, and give it a sharp tap to...

Installing Bedrail Brackets

Hardware For Attaching Siderails

Strike plate is recessed into the post. In addition, deeper mortises are required to accommodate the two clips. Dowels prevent the side rail from twisting. Head or foot rail is glued to the post with a nut embedded in the tenon. There are many types of two-part fasteners for attaching the side rails to the posts. Look for the most solidly made hardware. Because screws driven into end grain don't have a lot of holding power, you should glue dowels into the rails to provide some long grain for...

The Classical Orders Of Architecture

The Tuscan column the first of the five classical orders of architecture is built on a ratio of 1 7. The column width 1, the column height 7. All other dimensions are multiples or fractions of this ratio for example, the base and the capital are each one-half the column width. Use the ratio of the Tuscan order or any other order to proportion a door. Divide the height of the door by seven, then use multiples or fractions of the resulting unit to size the panels and frame members. For an 84-in....

In Rabbeted Cleats

Rabbeted For Backboards

Rabbeted cleats are screwed to the rear top and bottom of the case. Three panels of Vi-in. plywood slide easily into place. ordinary. Mortise-and-tenon frames that separate the drawers are glued in the front 3 in. or so but not at the back. Leaving space at the back ensures that when the case shrinks, the frames don't push against the back of the case. Both the frame-and-panel doors and the dovetailed drawers are built using the usual methods, but I put small vertical stops behind the doors....

Angledjoint Detail

This jig allows you to cut angled and straight mortises in the legs with a plunge router. It also allows for mortising for the loose tenons in the ends of the side rails. Bottom, IV in. thick by 3 2 in. wide Fence, 8 in. long, rides along box sides to ensure straight cuts. Notch for end-mortising, IV in. wide by 4 in. long Wedge leg in box for mortising. Adhesive-backed sandpaper prevents the wedges from slipping. Plywood sides, 3A in. thick by 47 i6 in. wide by 26V in. long Angle block orients...

Flat Vs Rabbeted Molding Frame

Ogee Bracket Feet Rear

The type of molding frame will determine how much of the top or bottom edge of the carcase is visible. Internal frame is the same thickness as the molding. Internal frame is the same thickness as the molding. A flat frame is easier to build and fit. But it shows the entire case edge and must lie perfectly flat. A flat frame is easier to build and fit. But it shows the entire case edge and must lie perfectly flat. Molding overhangs the frame, creating a lip that covers any gaps. Molding...

Caseback Detail

Ogee Curve Plywood

First cut across the left side, beginning at the front corner and working toward the rear. Make the second cut across the front, beginning at the right corner, and then the third cut across the right side, working from the rear to the front. This progression of cuts helps eliminate tearout at the corners. The narrow submolding applied just below the top should be shaped on a wider board. Then you can rip the thin molding from that board. I shaped the edge molding on the base and the top...

Installing Hidden Bed Bolts

Nut is inset into the tenons on the head or foot rail and faces away from the side rails. You also can bolt a bed together from the inside of the rail, leaving no holes or hardware visible on the outside. This involves embedding the nut in the tenon of the headboard or footboard rail, then routing a specially shaped recess on the inside of the side rail. A jig is helpful for routing the recess in the rail. Install the clip plate. Glue hardwood dowels into the inside of the side rail to give the...

Lipped Halfblind Dovetail

For overlay drawers with excellent strength, use lipped half-blind dovetails. With this joint, the front is rabbeted and joined to the sides with dovetails. Joint begins and ends with a half-pin. Joint begins and ends with a half-pin. corner joints hardest. For these reasons, front-corner joints should be as strong as possible and have some mechanical reinforcement. This mechanical connection can be as simple as pegs or pins in a rabbet joint, or it can be the interlocking strength of the...

Making The Ogee Bracket Feet

Once you've completed this series of cuts, remove the temporary fence and replace it with the regular fence. Angle the blade to 45 and set the fence so that the square corner at the top of the foot can be cut away by running the blank on its top edge. Then adjust the blade angle to 22 and cut a second bevel, taking away the sharp corner of the angle you've already cut. Cut at this angle two more times, first with the blank lying flat on the table, profile down. The second cut is made with the...

By Michael Pekovich

Mortise Drill

Look through a catalog of cabinet hardware and you'll find dozens of gadgets made for keeping doors shut. Nonetheless, many woodworkers create their own catches and latches because they're attractive, not difficult to make, and cost little. Another benefit is that you won't see any clunky metal hardware in the cabinet. We asked four woodworkers to show us how they keep cabinet doors closed. The solutions include hidden rare-earth magnets, a traditional Shaker spinner, a wooden flipper catch...

Discover The Joy Of Furniture Making

When I started at Fine Woodworking magazine 10 years ago, I had well-honed editing skills but only basic woodworking knowledge. Back then, I was making very simple projects, things I needed to keep my house organized, such as basic bookcases, tables, and shelves. But after reading and editing hundreds of articles on furniture design and construction, I know how to build furniture that s sound both structurally and aesthetically, and I have the confidence to tackle more complex pieces. I d like...

Making A Haunched Mortise

Chisel the sloped section of the mortise by hand. This area, called the haunch, helps prevent twisting. When chiseling, leave the table legs long to keep them from splitting near the top. Use a plunge router with a fence. The plunge router will allow you to creep up on the full depth of the mortise by taking light passes. The fence will ensure accurate alignment of the mortise with each pass. For efficiency, size the mortise to a straight bit in your collection. Check the results using a small...

By Christian Becksvoort

Spinners have been used for years to keep barn doors shut. I ve redesigned the spinner for my cabinets from the simple but effective exterior latch to a refined and almost completely hidden mechanism within the door stile. The earliest spinners consisted of a small piece of wood with a pin through the center mounted on the frame next to the door. With the spinner in the vertical position, the door can be opened. With the spinner turned horizontally, the door is locked. A few years back, I...