To build this night stand, I started with the side frames, which consist of a plywood panel with edging strips on the front and back edges.
PANEL. First, cut two %" plywood panels (A) to size: 14%" wide by 23;iV' long. Then to attach the web frames and bottom shelf, three grooves are cut across the inside face on both plywood panels.
roit grooves. To cut these grooves, i used the router table. Set up the router table to rout W x YtH grooves across each cabinet side.
The top groove is positioned 1 Via" down from the top edge of the plywood panel. This allows for the '/«"-long tongue on top edge, and 1J/ia" for the thickness of the stock for the web frame. The next groove should be located so its top edge is exactly 5%" down from the top edge of the top groove. This allows the proper spacing between the grooves for the drawer.
The top of the third groove (for the bottom shelf) is located from the bottom edge of the panel. After routing the bottom groove, you also need a short vertical groove for the kickboard. To cut this groove, I clamped a fence to the plywood and used a hand-held router.
tongues. After the grooves are cut, Vi'-long tongues are cut on the front, back, and top edges of the plywood panels. Since these tongues will have to fit W'-wide grooves routed in the edging strips, I routed a groove in a test piece to gauge the thickness of the tongues.
Then to cut the tongues, I used a %" bit in the router table, see Steps 1 and 2 in Fig. 1. Set the fence to cut a W-wide rabbet on both faces of the plywood. Acijust the depth of cut until the resulting tongue fits the groove in the test piece.
shoulder relief. To Set the panel off in its frame, I routed a VV-wide by W-deep shoulder next to the tongue, see Step 3 in Fig. 1. This shoulder produces a small gap between the edging and the plywood, and makes a nice border around the panel.
edging strips. To complete the cabinet's sides, edging strips are attached to the front and back edges of the plywood panel. The first step is to cut these edging strips to size.
front strip, The front strips (B) are ripped from a piece of 5/4 stock so they're 1%" wide. Then cut these pieces to length so they're equal to the distance from the bottom of the cabinet side to the shoulder of the tongue on the top edge, see Fig. 1.
Overall Dimensions; 24"H * 20"W - 16"D
Q Drawer Bottom (1) 'A ply - cut to fit ft Drawer Guide (I) "/,* thick - cut to fit
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