The American Directoire Style

A PARTICULARLY acute case of suffering from bad company is that of the Direftoire ftyle. This association will presently be apparent, but the result of it has been that, save to the work of Duncan Phyfe, little attention or appreciation has been accorded the delightful furniture and decoration of the American or English Direftoire Styles. Even the lateSt English books covering these years illustrate but a few pieces of the furniture of Direftoire inspiration, and the renowned Victoria and...

The round fluted leg is Sheraton

How Identify Duncan Phyfe Chair

If cabinet-furniture is inlaid it is Hepplewhite Sheraton pieces are usually mahogany without inlay. We shall presently examine these di& a. But I may here give a word of warning if one accepts and applies them and then takes a trip to London the home of these lyles, be it remembered and, visiting there the shops of the leading dealers, calls certain pieces of furniture Hepplewhite, he may be surprised to be greeted with the remark But, my dear sir, that is Sheraton, don't you know He may...

The Classic Revival

The Classic Revival may be treated briefly here, for, though its inception was much earlier, the Greek phase did not get into full swing in domestic architecture till about 1825. It would seem that ripening circumstances had occurred some years before this and the delay in fruition is somewhat puzzling. As America was the firSt great republic to be established in modern times it was rather natural for us to look back to and in a measure identify ourselves with the Republic of Rome. France took...

Settees And Sofas

In addition to the multiple chair-back settees we find day-beds and window-seats following the various Chippendale phases and also upholstered sofas. That appearing in Plate 23 A was used in the Executive mansion on High Street during the years that Washington lived in Philadelphia as President of the United States. On his return to Mt. Vernon it was sold to Robert Morris and is now in Independence Hall, having been presented by the Union League. It is a fine example with beautifully designed...

Blockfront Secretarybookcase Of The Best Northern New England Type

Philadelphia High Boy Illustration

Ernest Noyes, Newburyport, Mass. CHIPPENDALE SECRETARY-BOOKCASE CLOSEI-Y RESEMBLING ENGLISH EXAMPLES By Courtesy of the Metropolitan Museum, New York City A PHILADELPHIA CHIPPENDALE ROCOCO HIGHBOY IN' UNTOUCHED By Courtesy of Howard Reifsnyder, Esq., Philadelphia PHILADELPHIA HIGHBOY WITH BONNET-TOP By Courtesy of che Metropolitan Museum PHILADELPHIA HIGHBOY WITH ESPECIALLY BEAUTIFUL APRON CARVING Loaned by Francis P. Gar van, Esq., to the Metropolitan Museum PHILADELPHIA...

Ladderback Chair Of The Classic Period

Hepplewhite Sofa

TWO SOFA DESIGNS FROM HEPPLEWHITE'S GUIDE A. TWO SOFA DESIGNS FROM HEPPLEWHITE'S GUIDE B. SOFA DESIGN FROM SHERATON'S DRAWING-BOOK B. SOFA DESIGN FROM SHERATON'S DRAWING-BOOK SHERATON SOFA BY DUNCAN PHYFE, NEW YORK By Courtesy of Howard Reifsnyder, Esq., Philadelphia Note the characteristic Phyfe ornament of back-rail SHERATON SOFA SUPPOSED TO HAVE BEEN MADE IN SALEM, MASSACHUSETTS By Courtesy of the Metropolitan Museum, New York City Note the close following of Sheraton's design in Plate...

Til Ji

Charles Woo Sheraton

SHERATON SECRETARY-BOOKCASE WITH GOTHIC-ARCHED DOORS, C. Socio the possession of Walter C. Harris, Esq., Salern, Mass. By Courtesy of the late Mary H. Northend Made in Massachusetts of Charles Wooisey Lyon, Inc., New York City Edmund Johnson, also of Salem so that the type was evidently there a favourite one. In this piece the tracery of the doors is rectangular and diagonal and, as was frequent, divides the glazing into thirteen sections typical of the number of the American States. The...

Sheraton Chairs

Sheraton Chairs

The two outstanding characteristics of all Sheraton furniture are its slenderness and the avoiding of the curve in favour of the Straight line. His chairs have, therefore, the rectangular, or as they are often called, the square back. It so happens that Hepplewhite in his Guide had given a number of designs for square-back chairs, and we know from Sheraton's slurring reference in his own preface that he was familiar with them. So far as I am aware but two of Hepplewhite's were made, and...

Washington Sofa In Independence Hall

Chippandale Metropolitan Museum

B, TYPICAL ROLL-ARM SOFA, WITH STRETCHERS. FRETTED LEGS By Courtesy of the Metropolitan Museum, New York City CHIPPENDALE ROCOCO PIER-TABLE FROM CADWALADER HOUSE, PHILADELPHIA By Courtesy of the Metropolitan Museum, New York City A. CARD-TABLE OF PRE-CHIPPENDALE DESIGN By Courtesy of Charles Woolsey Lyon, Inc. B. PIE-CRUST, TRIPOD TEA-TABLE By Courtesy of the Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia CARD-TABLE WITH FRENCH LATTICE CORNERS A wonderful example of Philadelphia carving Loaned by Mr. and...

The Dating Of The Period

As Phyfe occupied a very advantageous position in that he was located in New York, by then advancing in metropolitan prominence, and was working for a select clientele, it is likely that he was one of the firSt to adopt the Direftoire mode. It would, therefore, have been exceedingly interesting to establish the date of his firSt productions in that vein, and I have bent considerable effort in trying to ascertain this. Mr. Halsey, who has Studied Phyfe furniture for thirty years, tells me that...

Typical American Empire Pedestaltable

PINEAPPLE-POST BEDSTEAD WITH THE EARLIER CABRIOLE LEGS Brett House, Boston By Courtesy of the lace Mary H. Northend ACANTHUS-POST BEDSTEAD A STRICTLY AMERICAN INNOVATION By Courtesy of Estare of James Curran, Philadelphia lead is more than a survival it is di lin lt 5tly a throwback in incongruously adding to these the now long-gone-by Chippendale cabriole leg and claw-and-ball foot. The sofa was an especially notable piece of furniture during these years and many of them are of transitional...

English Borrowings And Transmittals

But England had been the source of our previous American Styles does that source now abruptly cease to be our inspiration, or does it partially continue its influence And if the latter be true, to what degree does its furniture differ from the French It is perhaps not generally realised that about the middle of the eighteenth century French was the language of the court of England and that in manners as well as in coStume the effecft of Parisian fashion was enormous, extending through the...

American Chippendale Furniture

Type Chippendale Chairs

During the various periods taken as a whole we shall find that fine cabinet-making was well distributed through the northern portion of our country, but during the Chippendale r gime Philadelphia and its neighbourhood is universally acknowledged to be supreme. f The reason- isobvious. At this time .Philadelphia was the moSt important city in the Colonies in population, wealth, andxultivation of taSte.y Its affiliations, social and commercial, were c osel5o fwith the planters of Virginia and...

The Jacobean Or Stuart Period

American Stuart Period Furniture

IN GENERAL this is the period of the primitive furniture mentioned in the foreword, though an abundance of this was made in later years as well, and especially in country districts. Even the older colonies were Still very young, and our ancestors were fighting tern conditions. These matters will be taken up in the next chapter, as the beginning of the new century affords a better Start for a more detailed Study of circumstances. New civilisations like our own are, however, constantly surprising...

American Empire Sofa Preserving Directqire Characteristics

American Empire Furniture

AMERICAN EMPIRE SOFA From Beverly Farms, Massachusetts A TYPICAL AMERICAN EMPIRE SOFA OF GREAT SIZE AND WEIGHT Seat 8 ft. x z fit. Height of back 38 inches By Courtesy of Estate Mary V. Hammond, Frederick County, Maryland and later years and there are many pleasing examples. The Hitchcock chair is particularly well known. An example of the American Empire chair previously referred to is shown in the bedroom of the Brett house in Plate 121. It is interesting as showing a departure. During the...

The American Furniture Of The Period

Dutch Barock Chair

There are two facts to be recognised in connexion with this furniture I. It began late and ended late. Anne took the English throne in 1702 and was dead by 1714. The Style continued under the early Georges, but it is doubtful if there was much Queen Anne furniture in America before her death perhaps we had a few chairs of that lyle before that date. It was also slow in development. There were always survivals in England, but features from the preceding period were particularly persi lent here....

Pine Gateleg Table Late Seventeenth Century

Both by Courtesy of Howard Reifsrtyder, Esq. Photographs by Dillon primitive. As the various nations of Europe emerged from the semi-barbarism of the Middle Ages so far as furniture is concerned the cheSt was firSt to appear. Primarily it is but a packing-case and hold-all, and if anything is removed from its lower portion its contents are in confusion. The inStinct of man has always been both to decorate the cheSt and to improve it out of its inconvenient identity into other more desirable...

Grecian Squab

Duncan Phyfe Directoire Table

ENGLISH DIRECTOIRE SOFAS From Sheraton s Cabinet Dictionary, 1803 lid used by Duncan Phyfe Hacfield Gallery of Antiques, London lid used by Duncan Phyfe Hacfield Gallery of Antiques, London DUNCAN PHYFE FOUR-SUPPORT TABLE WITH LID DERIVED FROM SHERATON See Plate noB By Courtesy of The Metropolitan Museum, New York City B. ENGLISH SOFA-TABLE By Courtesy of Debenham Sc. Freebody, London See Plate 113, opposite DUNCAN PHYFE SOFA-TABLE WITH DOUBLE-COLUMN END-SUPPORTS See Plate iiiB By Courtesy of...

Hepplewhite Chairs

Hepplewhite Three Feather Back Chair

The shield-back and interlaced-heart chairs Plates 47B-51 are of course Hepplewhite they are so charadteri lic that they are as easily recognised as the Chippendale chair. Sheraton also gave two designs for shield-backs one of them appears in Plate 68 A but the top-rails were flattened as they do not seem to have been made in America they need give us no concern. Before the typical examples, came those that were a transition from the Chippendale lyle to this, and which preserved the earlier...

Interior Architecturecolonial

IT MAY as well frankly be granted that modern conditions confronting us often render the carrying out of a Strictly historic interior difficult or impossible. The introduction of suitable panelling, mantels, and the like in rented houses or apartments is not always practicable a house may be purchased of which we feel the interior to be sufficiently appropriate without adding to its initial coSt the expense of extensive changes. In such cases one should at leaSt follow the spirit of our...